This year Naga Panchami Festival will be held on 5th August 2019. Naga Panchami or Garuda Panchami is a very important festival which is celebrated throughout India, more prominently in southern parts of India. The worship is offered on the fifth day of bright half of Lunar month of Shravan (July/August), according to the Hindu calendar. The abode of snakes is believed to be patal lok, (the seven realms of the universe located below the earth) and lowest of them is also called Naga-loka, the region of the Nagas, as part of the creation force and their blessings are sought for the welfare of the family.
On the day of Naga Panchami, Women undertake fasting and wholeheartedly pray for the well being of their siblings. This ritual again also helps to reduce the intensity of the affliction or congested energies from the snakes and the snake planets Rahu and Ketu.
The snakes are the symbols of many deities and have taken different forms. Lord Vishnu has Anantha Seshan (foremost serpent god) as his bed and that is what is called as Lord Vishnu in Anantha Sayanam. Lord Shiva has adored the serpent in his neck. Lord Muruga is also worshipped in the form of a snake.